Introduction to Baby Development


Your caring, nurturing and parenting is of critical importance in physical, social and emotional development of your baby. Help your baby by understanding her and making her feel protected, cared and cherished.

How can I be a caring and nurturing parent?

  • Always keep your baby warm, cosy, comfortable, dry and safe.
  • Ensure you breastfeed your baby as it is good for her health and your health.
  • Give her good medical care.
  • Be on watch and listen to your baby. Though your baby cannot speak but she can still communicate her wants or denials.
  • Whenever your baby crosses a milestone of development clap, hug your baby, make happy noises etc. You will think your baby is too small to register, but that’s not true.
  • Be engaged with your baby and always respond gently and soothingly.
  • Celebrate your baby’s unique personality and growth patterns (do not compare to babies of her age. They all are different).

 

Emotional attachment is important in raising a happy and confident child. A healthy emotional attachment makes her feel safe, secure, and protected on physical, emotional, and mental levels. Attachment between you and your baby occurs gradually over time, through day‑to‑day actions and routines.

How can I build a healthy emotional attachment with my baby?

  • Listen and try to understand her cues about what she needs and wants.
  • Respond to her in a loving way.
  • Respond to her as quickly as you can.
  • Be consistent.
  • Look at her when you communicate
  • Let her know you are available for her.

Introduction to Baby Development

When should I be concerned about my baby’s development?

If your baby:

  • Has an unusually stiff or floppy body.
  • Is not watching faces by two to three months.
  • Is unusually quiet.
  • Has an unusual difficulty with feeding.
  • Does not startle to loud noises.
  • Holds hands in tight fists.
  • Does not follow activities with his or her eyes.
  • Does not seem to recognize his or her mother.
  • Does not vocalize.
  • Does not seek sounds with his or her eyes.
  • Is persistently unable to settle.

Though every child is different but a regular check up with the paediatrician is must in early stages of development

Physical development

From about 2‑3 weeks, your baby may gain about 120‑240 grams per week until your baby is double the weight at the time of birth which is generally by 4‑6 months. Your baby will sleep about 15 hours per day in the first three to four months, and less time as he or she grows older.

Starting from birth your paediatrician should measure your baby’s weight, length and head size on a regular basis. All these measures are important for determining your baby’s growth. A chart of your baby’s growth should be maintained to know the growth trend and progress. Provide a variety of clean, safe, chewable toys.

First Month:

  1. The Weight of baby generally drops but as soon as the baby gets adjusted to new environment baby will start gaining the weight.
  2. Some reflex motions like waving of hands arms legs and other basic body  movements start.
  3. Neck needs support cannot control head on its own.
  4. Eyes focuses begins but in the range of around 20 to 50 cm.

 

Second Month:

  1. Muscles become more relaxed and a lot of moments take place.
  2. She would try to lift her head and will try to look around when on tummy.
  3. Will start playing with hands.
  4. Will try to hold and reach for stuffs.
  5. Eyes start following stuffs which are nearby and eyes move in unison.
  6. When lying on back or tummy will try to roll over one way

 

Third Month:

  1. Rolls from back to side.
  2. Holds head up for some time and looks in the direction from where the sound is coming.
  3. Tries discovering the hands and feet.
  4. Stretches out hands and legs.
  5. Grip strengthens so can hold object for a little longer.
  6. Loves sitting and standing positions.

 

Fourth Month:

  1. Stands up and holds weight with help.
  2. Rolls from front to side.
  3. Lifts head about 90 degrees for longer period of time.
  4. Sits with support and arms propped.
  5. Holds hands and grip tightens.

 

Fifth month:

  1. rolls over from front to back
  2. grabs toes and feet
  3. wiggles forward on floor
  4. reaches with a good aim
  5. transfers objects from hand to hand
  6. tries to put everything in mouth

 

Sixth month:

  1. Holds head perfectly steady for longer period of time.
  2. sits back straight.
  3. Catches hold of small objects and tries to see them.
  4. Rolls in both the directions.
  5. Plays with toes.
  6. Sign of teething begins.
  7. Puts feet into the mouth when lying on the back.

 

Introduction to Baby Development bathing

Precautions and Preventive steps

  • Supervise your baby.
  • Don’t let your baby fall.
  • Baby proof your home..
  • Help baby discover new things by bringing things you want your baby to see close to your baby’s eyes so she or he can focus clearly.
  • Have lots of tummy time on a mat so your baby can kick and move under supervision.
  • Give clean and babies approved non-toxic material made rattles and toys that your baby can feel and mouth.
  • Provide a variety of toys and objects that make noise within hitting range but the sound should be soothing and the toy should be light soft and chewable in nature.(Supervision compulsory).
  • Give her self-recognising toys which have reflecting surfaces on it so that she can play with her reflection.
  • Create safe play spaces on the floor.
  • Take lots of walks with your baby in the fresh air.
  • Give safe, clean, chewable toys.
  • Everything will go in the mouth. Make sure objects are big enough that they cannot be swallowed.
  • Extend bath time so your baby can kick and squeal while you supervise. Never leave your baby alone in the bath.
  • Get proper Bath toys, Bath tub and Bathing products for her