Baby Development Part 2: Social and Emotional Development

This is the continuation to the Baby development series, if you have missed the first part, you can read it here (Introduction to Baby Development).

The first six months are the settlement period for you and your baby.

You both are strangers for each other, as the days pass you get to know each other. Take time to give love, hugs, smiles, and lots of reassurance.

Have skin-to-skin contact with newborns is very important for their growth.

First month:

  1. Starts recognizing parent’s voice.
  2. Starts knowing her mother’s smell and lap.
  3. Smiles as faces.
  4. Persistent crying can start at around up to 4 weeks as the child show her displeasure or pain or hunger or discomfort.

Second Month:

  1. Responsive smiling.
  2. Learn.
  3. Enjoys visual stimulation.
  4. Tries to recognize the known and unknown faces.
  5. What is your baby personality type is more clearer.
  6. Cries to attracts attention or met needs.
  7. Vocalizes to familiar voices.
  8. Social smile demonstrated in response to various stimuli.

baby development0Third Month:

  1. Makes eye contact.
  2. Smiles at know faces and may laugh out loud.
  3. Stops crying when you come inside into the room.
  4. Crying persistently will stop by third month(generally).
  5. Squeals, coos, babbles, and chuckles.
  6. “Talks” when spoken to.
  7. Recognizes faces, voices, and objects.
  8. Smiles when he/she sees familiar people, and engages in play with them.
  9. Shows awareness to strange situations.

Fourth Month:

  1. Laughs when tickled.
  2. Greets caregiver.
  3. Starts social gestures.
  4. May start signaling that “pick me up “.
  5. Eye-hand coordination begins.
  6. Makes consonant sounds.
  7. Laughs.
  8. Enjoys being rocked, bounced or swung.

baby development

Fifth Month:

  1. Follows voice and looks towards the source.
  2. Looks at you when you talk.
  3. Colours attract them.
  4. Denies and pushes the things.
  5. Takes objects directly to mouth.
  6. Watches objects that are dropped.
  7. Says “ah-goo” or similar vowel-consonant combinations.
  8. Smiles at mirror image.
  9. Gets upset if you take a toy away.
  10. Can tell family and strangers apart.

Sixth Month:

  1. Copies your facial expression.
  2. Shows her moods with sounds and body movements.
  3. Depending upon your baby’s personality she responds to strangers.
  4. Smiles at her own reflection.
  5. Adjusts body to see an object.
  6. Turns head from side to side and then looks up or down.
  7. Prefers more complex visual stimuli.
  8. Says one syllable sounds like “ma”, “mu”, “da”, and “di”.
  9. Recognizes parents.


Activities for Healthy Development:

  • Have skin‑to‑skin contact with newborns.
  • Always respond to crying within 1 or 2 minutes.
  • Look into your baby’s eyes; you will fall in love.
  • Talk to your baby soothingly.
  • Don’t feel rejected if your baby turns away from you – young babies get tired easily.
  • Plan daily quiet times with your baby.
  • Don’t jiggle crying babies – use slow, gentle motions.
  • Don’t over stimulate your baby.
  • Copy your baby’s movements and sounds.
  • Rock and cuddle your baby.
  • Do finger and toe playing.